The Affordable Care Act (ACA)

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been crucial in tackling healthcare challenges in the United States.  The ACA has federal provisions that have enabled it to improve the quality of healthcare in the country.  The first provision is on expanding access to insurance coverage, where the ACA aims to extend healthcare insurance to millions of Americans that were previously uninsured. The act expands public and private insurance. It requires employers to cover their workers, leaving exceptions for small employers. The act has expanded Medicaid to cover individuals with low incomes below 133% of the federal levels of poverty guidelines. The ACA also enacted several insurance reforms aimed at increasing consumer insurance protection. The act prohibits insurers from excluding people with preexisting conditions from getting coverage. Through insurance policies, the act has dramatically improved the healthcare of the nation.
The ACA promotes the development of the health workforce. The act brings about reforms to graduate medical education and training. It has also enabled the increase of health scholarships to professionals who would wish to develop their career. The act supports education for nurses and supports them in taking up leadership roles in the healthcare sector.  The act supports the adoption of new primary care models and advocates for additional funding for community centers that monitor and help improve communities’ health. The ACA also helps improve healthcare by curbing the rising costs of healthcare in the country. The ACA addresses the rising cost of healthcare by setting provisions that enhance health insurance practices’ oversight. It also emphasizes preventive strategies, promotes primary care, and effective treatments, all of which reduce the cost of care. The act has reduced healthcare fraud and reduced instances of uncompensated care.
ACA’s payment reforms are also changing the quality and safety of healthcare. The reforms are changing the way that healthcare providers are reimbursed.  The reforms are changing the emphasis from a pay for service basis (volume-driven) to pay for value (value-based) form of reimbursement. Therefore, it improves patient outcomes as reimbursement will be dependent on the satisfaction of the patient on the services offered. Therefore, the ACA has improved healthcare by reducing the costs of care, developing healthcare workfare, increasing healthcare access and coverage in the country, and improving the quality and safety of care.

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