Steps of the Systems Development Life Cycle.

System development life cycle (SDLC) is a framework through which organizations develop information systems. The process involves five necessary steps: planning, designing, implementation, evaluation and maintenance and support. Involving nurses in the SDLC process is critical in that it provides organizations with insight into what kind of systems are best in terms of usability and solving healthcare information issues in the healthcare setting. Not involving nurses in the process has adverse outcomes such as failure of systems due to lack of nurse expertise in using the systems. It might also lead to poor patient outcomes as the systems might not be patient-focused (Bergeron, 2015). Nurses deal one on one with patients and know all the needs of the patients and delivery of care to patients. They thus hold valuable insight on systems that would complement care delivery.

The planning stage has issues such as lack of clear goals on what the system is supposed to achieve to improve healthcare delivery. Nurses are thus involved in the planning process to help identify system goals and assess the compatibility of the proposed system with the hospital environment and patient care. The nurses help the system development team to incorporate patients’ needs in the system. The analysis stage involves the evaluation of the system implementation and whether the system can meet the intended purpose. A poor analysis affects how nurses and patients use the intended system to pass information. Poor user interference might not be identified in this stage if nurses are not involved in the process. The nurses contribute to the analysis stage by providing insight on user interference preferences that will meet the cognitive and technological know-how of patients and nurses. Nurses help evaluate the quality of an intended system and potential challenges it might have on staff or patients.

When designing a system, the users and their preferences have to be put into consideration. Without doing so, system developers might lay down an information system that does not meet the needs of intended users. Nurses thus solve the problem by providing information on the cognitive, intellectual and purpose of the system to the system development team. The nurses help design a system that best suits the patient and their information needs. The implementation phase involves the testing and installation of the system (Strudwick et al., 2017). The main problem in this stage might be the lack of acceptance of the system by the end-users. Nurses play a unique role to solve the issue in that they aid in the implementation process by educating end-users on how the systems work and training them on how to use the systems being implemented.

I have been included in the development of an information system before and the inclusion aided in knowing more about the system, its functionalities and how it would solve data problems in the healthcare facility. Through the inclusion, nurses were able to air out their grievances in the previous information system infrastructure and software, and the developers were able to incorporate better measures in the new system. The inclusion made the adoption of the system easier as all nurses understood it and its functionalities (Daly, 2015). They were able to explain to patients how to use the system and also show how the system would solve problems that were experienced in earlier systems. The inclusion of nurses in SDLC is therefore critical in developing a system that will help improve healthcare delivery to patients and thus improve outcomes.

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