Is the global environment is prone to many threats?

Introduction
The global environment is prone to many threats, as seen in the PowerPoint presentation earlier. However, each threat has its degree of impact on the planet. Some threats are severe like the four discussed earlier. However, other threats are not as severe and could be easily controlled by changing society’s perceptions. This paper will carry out a deeper analysis of the less stressful threats to the global environment among the four remaining choices. It will discuss what makes them less of a threat than others, the perception people have about them, their impact on the global community and their relation to population changes.  The two threats covered in the paper will be Cultural taboos and Lack of educational opportunities.
Section I. Cultural Taboos
Cultural taboos are beliefs and perceptions that affect the norms of a society or a community. Most norms in society are viewed as sacred. They are ways that are acceptable in society, that is, the way a person behaves, dresses, handles issues or interacts with other members of the community.  The divergence from the set rules, regulations and norms of the society has a ripple effect on society. In most cases, the deviant individual is banished from the community or punished (Jensen et al., 2). Cultural taboos not only revolve around what individuals do but also on what they eat. There hundreds of different cultures across the globe. Each culture has its taboos and tries to follow the guidelines of their society to the latter. However, in the age of globalization, the era of taboos is coming to an end. People are more enlightened, and things are no longer based on superstition but scientific evidence.
Cultural taboos are less of a global threat as cultures are slowly being eroded through human interaction and diverse populations’ growth. Unlike before, cultures have come together across the world to form different cultures. People no longer take cultural taboos as something sacred than before, making the threat less hostile than others. The world is slowly opening up to new cultures, where old beliefs and societal norms have been proven to be mere superstitions or just a way of hindering human freedom and rights. Activist groups across the world that go against cultural taboos neutralize the threat.  Cultural taboos do not affect all sectors of the global economy as other threats would. The most affected sectors are the healthcare and educational sectors. An excellent example is a study done by Williams and Shipley, where they investigated why Native Americans are underrepresented in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) educational department. The results showed that most students felt that such STEM went against cultural values and norms, especially in the experiment parts where they had to deal with studying animals and human bodies (Williams & Shipley, 5).
Hassi and Storti show how culture has been eroded due to globalization. In their published chapters, the chapters show the influence of globalization and the increasingly borderless world on culture.  The authors show that global interaction is damaging to culture, and it also leads to cultural divergence and cultural homogeneity (Hassi & Storti, 1). Such does away with some cultural taboos that affect the global environment and lead to new cultural encroachment.  Another study by Jensen et al. shows how increased exposure to different global cultures has impacted adolescents and emerging adults. The loss of cultural identity is the central theme of the study. Losing cultural identity means that one loses their cultural taboos (Jensen et al., 2). The researchers support the point that culture is being eroded by globalization and the interaction of populations and its cultural taboos. The phenomenon, therefore, is not a great threat to global environments.
 
Section II. Lack of Educational Opportunities
Education is one concept that has been promoted globally over the years. People perceive education as a critical way of making changes within a society. Every person in society has a right to education. However, many people, especially those living in poverty, do not have the means to access such an education, thus making it a global problem. However, such a threat is not critical as it is easily preventable through increasing educational opportunities across the world. Many organizations support and promote education amongst populations living in poverty. Lack of educational opportunities is caused by a lack of funding for the same and educational materials. However, the problem is slowly dying away as most cultures and territories embrace education and work their best to make sure it is available to the whole population.
The threat is not critical in that the world is adopting a system of free education, especially for children in their early stages of education. Most governments set budgets aside to cater to the educational needs of such children and youths. Educational loans are also readily available to finance educational opportunities for individuals wishing to pursue further education in tertiary institutions. Such programs help increase educational opportunities across the globe. The growth of technology and the internet makes availability and transfer of information easier. Anybody who wants to learn has the opportunity to do so by utilizing the internet. Therefore, the lack of educational opportunities affects a significant number of global populations, but at the same time, a significant number also has access to such opportunities.
Psacharopoulos and Patrinos show the global return of investment in education in their book published in 2018. According to the authors, education has grown on a global level over the last six decades. They have shown that education has had economic and social returns in investment (Psacharopoulos & Patrinos, 4). Through their qualitative research, they show that developing countries have a higher return on educational investments. It shows that such countries are embracing education and that it is becoming common in such countries. The research also shows an increase in female education in such countries providing proof that the lack of educational opportunities is on a downward trend. Soon, the global population will have access to quality education.
Pherali and Lewis take on different approaches showing solutions that would work to promote global education. Their research is based on Somaliland and the need for higher education globally. The research shows efforts that NGOs and governments are putting towards developing global partnerships in higher education and peacebuilding. The research shows how the world and its organization take education seriously and how governments would never let the issues grow out of hand, unlike threats such as climate change, which are hard to control (Pherali & Lewis, 3).
Conclusion
There are many threats to the global environment, as learned so far. However, such threats vary in degree. Cultural taboos and lack of educational opportunities are among the least critical threats to the global environment. Globalization has changed the way people interact, and with that has changed the cultural norms that people have. As the global world grows smaller due to trade and technology, cultural taboos will soon become a thing of the past. Cultural divergence and erosion reduce the risks that such taboos might have on the global environment. The lack of education is also not a pressing threat, as many governments and organizations have set up measures to promote education for its populations. Many countries across the world offer free primary and secondary education to their populations. Tertiary education is also supported by NGOs and financial programs that make it easily accessible. The two issues are, therefore, not a threat as they can be eliminated with time. They are also less critical as they do not affect the global population on a large scale, such as civil war, energy sources or climate change.

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