Explain how the following issues impact the way courts complete their function:
- The implementation of specialized or alternative courts
- The impact of court consolidation and restructuring of victim rights laws
- The changes the court agencies have made (at the local, state, and federal level) in response to the issues above and an analysis of the effectiveness of these changes
Courts complete their functions in many ways. The main function of ten courts is to carry out justice in accordance with the law of the land. The courts determine the cases and disputes brought before them and determine the corrective action to be taken. Specialized courts are a crucial development in the United States. Specialized courts try to create fairness in the justice process and avert so many people from going to federal prisons on allegations that could be corrected using alternative means. The specialized courts solve the problem by giving defendants better options and resolutions. They include the Drugs Court, Tax Court, Court of International Trade, and Court of Federal Claims. The specialized courts have professionals that are more conversant with an issue and therefore make a sound judgment.
Specialized courts impact the way the court carries out judgment and how it handles particular convictions. The special courts handle marginalized issues that are difficult to solve fairly. The courts have improved the judicial system’s function as experts on an issue are the ones that handle the issues. Legal professionals are also able to focus on their legal specialties making the judicial system more efficient. Despite all the benefits, specialized courts have an impact on the financial operations of the general courts. More money has to be directed towards such courts, which might strain the judiciary budget. The court system has also led to the notion of separation of defendants, leading to whether there are ‘good’ and ‘bad’ defendants. However, such courts have had more benefits compared to the cost and have improved the judicial ruling and helped individuals solve marginalized issues in society.
Court Consolidation and Restructuring Victims’ Rights
Court consolidation is another growing trend in the judicial system where trial court jurisdictions are unified as one statewide trial court with more than one judge level. Consolidation is aimed at increasing diversity in the court system and also increasing the efficiency of the systems. It aims to improve the quality of justice that the public receives by improving the administration of justice and improving the timely disposition of cases. It impacts the general court in that it eliminates the overlap of judicial functions or fragmented jurisdiction among trial courts. It also allows the effective use of staff and better deployment of judges and streamlines the appellate process and the expedition’s trial.
Victim rights have influenced the way that a victim is treated as they go through the judicial system. It has affected how they are handled and how their cases are heard. Restructuring of the victims’ rights has made victims more involved in the judicial system. The victims have the right to a fair trial, and if the right is infringed, they can appeal to have their case looked into another time. Victims have the right to be heard during court proceedings. It has given victims a voice and a chance to proclaim their innocence or plead their cases. The restructuring of the victim’s rights increases such rights’ strengths and increases the permanence and enforceability of the victim rights in the court of law. Crime victims and their families have the right to be present during criminal proceedings. It acts to make sure that the defendant is fairly judged and gets what they deserve for a particular crime committed. Reconstruction of victim rights, therefore, ensures that the needs of the victim, such as compensation, during and after the proceedings are met.
Changes by Court Agencies
The courts at different levels have made various changes in relation to the trends discussed above. Court agencies have spearheaded specialized courts that deal with specific cases that are often judged unfairly in the general court of law. They have led to special courts such as the Tax Court, The Drug Courts, and Juvenile Courts, among others. The agencies aim to reduce incarcerations of convicts without solving the problem at hand. Specialized courts act as a way of dealing with the root cause of the problem other than the outcome.
Many states, such as California and Oregon, have consolidated their courts to create more judicial systems efficiency. Victim rights have been reconstructed at the federal level to ensure the needs of the victims are met. Victims now have the right to attend proceedings where they can hear how the proceedings are carried out. However, the victim’s right to attend is excluded if they are a witness in the case. It acts as a way of avoiding the influence that the testimony of other witnesses might have on the victimized witness. The law allows the victim to also have a support person during the proceedings. The victim also has rights to compensation in terms of time used, salary missed and other expenses related to the case.