Discuss each type of team and the roles the members play in each.

Transplant Care Teams

This is the group of specialists involved in the care of a patient undergoing a transplant procedure. They are involved in the processes of preparation, counseling, transplant, and post-transplant. The team members collaborate to ensure that the patient gets safe and quality care during the transplant procedure. Various individuals make up the transplant team. The first is the transplant surgeon who specializes in performing transplant surgery. The patient follows the patient before and after the surgery to ensure that everything is in order and to monitor the patient’s health. The social worker involved in the care process is responsible for assessing the social, cultural, and psychological needs that impact the patient or the donor before and after the surgery. The social workers educate patients on the community resources that could help solve issues or problems in emergency times (Page et al., 2018).

The transplant nurse organizes the aspects of care provided to the patient at all levels of the transplant procedure. The nurse provides education and coordinates diagnostic care and follow up activities. After the surgery, the physical therapist’s role is to help the patient adjust physically to the new organ that is transplanted in their bodies. The dietician ensures that the patient’s nutritional needs are met before and after the transplant to enhance the recovery process. They ensure that the nutrition the patient takes will work towards a quick and successful recovery.

The advantages of the transplant team are that they pool knowledge together to improve the patient’s condition. The team also enhances the quality of care delivered in surgery and reduces the burdening of some individuals with all the transplant work, which could be fatal due to burnout. Team collaboration ensures that each member is vigilant as teammates are monitoring them. It avoids carelessness, which is fatal in surgery (Duncan et al., 2018). The team’s disadvantage is that failure in one part could mess up the whole process of care. Making decisions is also affected as all team members have to input their views on treatments and processes best for the patient.

Cancer Care Team

One or more physicians lead the cancer care team, and they help a patient go through cancer treatments and cope with the cancer therapies they have to go through. The team is made up of several professionals that work together towards improving the health of the patient. The team comprises a medical oncologist who is the doctor who treats the patient through chemotherapy.

The oncologist specializes in treating one or more types of cancers. A surgical oncologist is a doctor that uses surgery as a way of removing cancerous tumors. A radiation oncologist prescribes radiation therapy when the need arises, depending on the type of cancer an individual has. Nurses play an important role in taking care of the patient throughout the cancer treatment. The nurse roles include clinical nurses, nurse practitioners, and nurse specialists (Kosty et al., 2016). The pathologist identifies and classifies the types of cancers that the patient may have by studying the cells’ appearance. Other participants include social workers, psychiatrists, and rehabilitation therapists.

Cancer teams have advantages in that there is shared responsibility among the team members during the patient’s care. It prevents huge workloads and burnout. The collaborative efforts of the team ensure that the patient gets holistic care that will enable quick recovery. The team also brings together huge amounts of knowledge that promote the quality of care the patient receives. Cancer teams also offer different insights in a situation, and thus sharing of information allows proper and clear decisions to be made (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 2020). The team’s disadvantages are that it takes a long for medical decisions to be made as all team members have to be involved. A mistake made by one member of the team often affects the whole team.

Comparison between the Teams

The two teams are alike in that they require collaboration between different specialists. The teams have specialists that ensure the patient’s safety at every stage of the treatment. Both teams employ nurses’ services that take care of the patient during the healing and recovery process. Nurses are involved in all aspects of patient care. The teams have social workers who educate patients about their conditions and resources in the community that could reduce the impacts of such conditions. The difference between the two is the specialized knowledge of the physicians. In transplant teams, there has to be a surgeon, while in the cancer teams, the cancerous cells can be removed in a variety of ways (Kosty et al., 2016). Transplants always involve removing a failing organ and replacing it with another, meaning there will always be surgery. The team has to have knowledge about surgery and different types of transplants. The cancer team has to have knowledge about cancer therapies and how each is carried out.

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